Three Rivers


Three Rivers
   1) City of Quebec, at the mouth of St. Maurice River. First colonists settled there in 1633; the Jesuits arrived the following year; and the same year a fort was built by Laviolette, who is regarded as the founder of the town. Throughout the seventeenth century, it was the scene of almost constant conflict with the Iroquois. In 1670 the Jesuits were replaced by the Récollets; and in 1697 the Ursulines established a convent.
   Index: L Récollet mission at, 111. WM French provision ships retire to, 87. Dr Governorship of, abolished, 21; used as military dépôt by Americans in invasion of Canada, 141; Carleton's troops rendezvous at, 144. F Fort erected at, 24; population in 1666, 268. Ch Centre of fur trade for some years, 120; conference with Indian tribes at, 162; Jesuit mission founded at, 228. Hd Haldimand military governor of, 1; Ralph Burton governor of, 41-42; Haldimand appointed to district on Burton's departure, 42-51, 64, 65, 290, 293; early history of the settlement, 42; fires in, 44; difficulty in obtaining recruits at, 56; government divided between Quebec and Montreal, 60; Haldimand relieved of command at, in 1765, 61-62; Indians protected at, 147; Haldimand befriends Ursuline nuns at, 179; census taken, 190, 231; question of inoculation for smallpox at, 229; schools of, 233, 235; banns of marriage published at, 237; Loyalists sheltered near, 254; Du Calvet arrested at, 280.
   Bib.: Sulte, Histoire des Trois-Rivières, 1534-1537 and Album d'Histoire des Trois-Rivières, 1634-1721.
   2) Ch Name given by Champlain to river St. Maurice, 52.

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